1841

Railway accident on the


London & Croydon Railway


Dartmouth Arms on 5th February 1841





PHOTOGRAPHER UNKNOWN

The new Brighton Terminal looking westward towards the station 

THE COMPLETION LONDON TO BRIGHTON LINE


In March 1841, the Ouse Viaduct was completed and is one of the most elegant examples of early railway architecture, with its 37 tall arches and the four pavilions at each end of the viaduct. There was also an impressive viaduct just outside of Brighton that crosses the London Road.

The three longest tunnels on the line, Merstham, Balcombe and Clayton, were whitewashed and lit by gas flares. Small gas-works were established by the tunnels for this purpose. The lighting of the tunnels was an attempt to reduce the fears of the passengers travelling on the line.

The coal-burning locomotives made it impossible to keep the whitewashed tunnels clean. The passage of the trains also constantly blew out the gas jets that lit the tunnel. The tunnels were also lined with corrugated-iron sheeting to avoid water falling on open third class carriages.

The line between London and Brighton was completed in September 1841. Over 3,500 men and 570 horses were used to build the railway. It had taken three years to build at a total cost of £2,634,059 (£57,262 per mile). The line between London to Haywards Heath was opened on the 12th July 1841. On arriving at Haywards Heath the passengers where conveyed by stage onto Brighton.

The first train entered Brighton station on Tuesday 21st September 1841. On this day the 10.45 am. up train was hauled by two locomotives consisting of nineteen carriages, five private carriages on wagons and horse boxes. It only conveyed 146 passengers. Two compartments in the leading carriage of first class train were reversed for servants in attendance of their employers. The servants were charged second class fares. Initially third class passengers were note carried.

At first, the railway company concentrated on bringing the rich to the coast in first class carriages. It was not long, however, before the company realised that by offering cheap third class tickets, they could increase the numbers of people using their trains. In 1843 the London and Brighton Railway reduced the price of their third class tickets to 3s. 6d. In the six months that followed this reduction in price, 360,000 people arrived in Brighton by train.

Extracted & adapted from

the Railway Magazine

October 1955

PHOTOGRAPHER UNKNOWN 


The opening of the Brighton - London railway in 1841, as 

seen at Wick viaduct in Brighton

LONDON & BRIGHTON RAILWAY 


Accident at Hooley Lane on Sunday 19th September 1841

On the Sunday 19th September, 1841, just a few days before the opening of the line through to Brighton on Tuesday 21st September, 1841, an incident happened  which did nothing to dispel such concerns happened very close to the new Red-Hill and Reigate-Road station. News had came through that a train had failed to reach its destination. An hour elapsed, during which tales of multiple casualties circulated. The truth was that one engine with one single carriage containing an inspector and his wife had been sent out to deliver to railway policemen at wayside stations new signal flags for use on the opening day. The special train ran into a line of earth-moving wagons under horse power engaged on final work near Hooley Lane, smashing the trucks and derailing the locomotive. There were no injuries, but the line was blocked with mangled wreckage.

  PHOTOGRAPHER UNKNOWN 


Railway accidents on the 


London & Brighton Railway


from http://www.railwaysarchive.co.uk


Copyhold Cutting on 2nd October 1841 Involving Driver (lead 

engine) Charles Goldsmith & his fireman Robert Marshall, Driver 

(rear engine) James Jackson & his fireman Robert Field.

SEE SUB PAGE


  

Patcham Tunnel (South end) Wednesday 6th October 1841

SEE BELOW 


Merstham Tunnel Wednesday 27th  October 1841 

SEE SUB PAGE

LONDON AND BRIGHTON RAILWAY REPORT


PATCHAM TUNNEL


 Professor Barlow on the falling in of the Patcham Tunnel


 6th October, 1841. 


October 15, 1841,

MY LORD,  In compliance with your Lordship's request, contained in the instructions 
forwarded to me by Mr. Laing. I proceeded on Wednesday, the 6th instant, to Brighton, 
having on my way arranged with Mr. Statham, the superintending engineer of the line, to 
meet him at the Brighton station onThursday morning, to proceed up the line by a special 
engine immediately after the despatch off the 10 h. 45 m. morning train.

This I did accordingly, but as your Lordship has been already informed, on our approaching 
the south end of Patcham Tunnel a signal was made to stop, and on inquiring the cause we 
were informed of the dangerous condition of the front of that structure, which was obviously 
in a falling state. Of course I did not proceed, but returned to Brighton with the engine, 
leaving Mr. Statham at the tunnel. In a short time afterwards it appears that the front and a 
great part of the wing walls came down. 

Before I left the tunnel a person was dispatched to end of it to warn the down train not to 
advance, and my arrival at the Brighton Station prevented the dispatch of the 11h. 45m. train. 

The Patcham Tunnel is about two miles and a half from the Brighton terminus. Steps were 
immediately taken to remove the rubbish, and by the next morning the line was again opened.

Railway accident on the


London & Croydon Railway


Sydenham on 17th December 1841

NEW CROSS 
STATION AND LOCO SHED 1841

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