1881




THE EMPLOYERS' LIABILITY ACT.


On the 1st January 1881, the introduction of the Employers' Liability Act come into force.

FOR MORE DETAILS PLEASE 1880 SUB PAGE




THE RAILWAY REVIEW

7TH JANUARY 1881

ISOLATED ENGINEMEN'S SOCIETY



A meeting was held at Manchester on Monday to consider whether it was judicious to continue longer the efforts to establish an enginemen's trade union from which other grades in the Service would be excluded. It was a very small gathering, we are informed, but few stations taking notice of the invitation. We recently called minute attention to the attempts begun in 1879 to establish two separate engine-men's societies, under the titles of the " National Union" and " Associated Society." If it can be shown that any possible good would accrue from these efforts to cause division among railway servants, why do not the promoters state their case? The tendency of trade unions is to amalgamation, not to severances and divisions. The engineering trades, far more diverse in character than the varied occupations on a railway, found a basis for uniting their many societies in 1852 in face of a common danger. Hence the Amalgamated Society of Engineers. At this moment there are several schemes promoted for amalgamating the building trade societies into one confederation. Enginemen have made several attempts to establish isolated or exclusive societies, but each attempt has come to grief excepting the Friendly Society, which forewent its earlier character of a trade union. An enginemen's exclusive society would so offend other grades that, in the event of a struggle, the guards and others would be without sympathy for enginemen, and possibly the experiences of 1848, of 1866, and of 1867 would once again be repeated to the discomfiture of the locomotive men. How much better to ensure the co-operation and goodwill of other grades in the Service by joining with them in one common society. Whatever be the defects of the Amalgamated Society, they are remediable. This society ensures to enginemen every fair protection, and promotes the truest union, by joining all classes together. No other railwaymen's trade society has ever endured like the Amalgamated, or accomplished such work as it has wrought, and, on the verge of its tenth year, we find it as vigorous as ever it was, and grappling in a systematic manner with evils that touch all grades in the Service alike. The Associated Society of Enginemen is unfortunate instriking out against two such worthy associations as the Amalgamated Society and the Locomotive Steam Enginemen and Firemen's Friendly Society. The rumour that has been set afloat assuring men that the latter society would amalgamate with the Associated is devoid of truth. The old society's members would indeed be foolish if they placed their accumulated fund of £70,000 deferred sick pay, &c., at the disposal of the members of the younger society, taking up liabilities which would eventually ruin their now thoroughly sound society. Enginemen desire union, not separation, and they cannot do better than stand firm by the Amalgamated.





THE A.S.R.S

THE RAILWAY REVIEW

21ST JANUARY 1881

A COLLISION AT OLD KENT ROAD

On Monday 17th January

A collision occurred on Monday (17th), morning, shortly before 10 o'clock, at the Old Kent Road station of the South London line. A train from London Bridge to Victoria, after discharging passengers was waiting at the platform with the signals against it, when, in the midst of a thick fog, a sudden shock was experienced. It was found that a short goods train had been admitted on the same metals in the belief that the south London train was cleared. The engine of the goods train penetrated for some distance into the interior of the guard's brake van at the rear of the standing train, but the guard, being fortunately still on the platform, escaped unhurt. The driver of the goods train escaped with a few scratches, and the passengers of the Victoria train, though some of them were shaken, were not otherwise injured. The down line remained blocked for several Hours. 


A FATAL ACCIDENT AT NEW CROSS

On Monday 17th January

A fatal accident happened on Monday (17th) morning at New Cross station of the London, Brighton, and South Coast Railway. As the nine o'clock train from West Croydon to London Bridge was passing through the above station the driver felt his engine strike some object on the line, but, owing to the denseness of the fog, he was unable to see what it was. On arriving at London Bridge terminus, Scott reported what had occurred, and a telegram was sent to New Cross. A search was then made, and the mutilated remains of a shunter, named Neil, was discovered on the metals.  




THE RAILWAY REVIEW

28TH JANUARY 1881

SERIOUS CHARGE AGAINST ENGINE DRIVER

William Lewin, an engine driver in the employ of the London, Brighton, and South coast Railway, was summoned at Croydon Petty Sessions on Saturday (22nd) for being drunk while in charge of a train at Norwood Junction on December 31.

Defendant did not appear, and the case was heard in his absence.

A goods foreman at Norwood Junction station, name Hetherington, stated that he was on duty at 5.30 a.m. on the 31st ult., and the defendant, who had charge of a goods train left Brighton at seven p.m. on the previous night, was at the station with train. Witness gave him a signal to start, but finding the train did not move, he went to the engine, and found the defendant lying in front of the fire, on the footplate of his engine. He tried to rouse him, but in vain.

Inspector John Reason deposed to being called by the previous witness. He spoke to the defendant and asked him what was the matter with him, but could not get no reply. He smelt strongly of liquor, and was insensible. Witness left him a short time, and on his return found him lying on the coals on the tender. He was then placed on another engine and sent to New Cross.

George Bond, a stoker, said that he was working with the defendant on the morning in question. They left Brighton at seven o'clock overnight, and arrived at Croydon at 5.30. There was a heavy snowstorm at the the time, and having to wait for signals at St. James's Junction, they found the weather very severe. The defendant suddenly said, "Oh, mate, I feel so bad," at the same time putting his hands on his stomach and sitting down. He did not drink in the road, as far as witness could see. If he did he took it on the sly. He was some at Brighton. The defendant shut off steam at Croydon, and the witness put it on a little. The train ran to Norwood almost by itself. (Laughter)

The case was adjourned, and a warrant granted for the apprehension of the accused.




THE RAILWAY REVIEW

11TH FEBRUARY 1881

LOCOMOTIVE ENGINEMEN'S SOCIETIES 



On January 3rd a delegate meeting of the members of the locomotive societies was held at the Falstaff Hotel, Manchester. Although there are in various parts of the kingdom a large number of these organisations, there are only thirteen delegates to consider the societies and of the Associated Societies of the province to of Enginemen and Firemen. The result of a week's deliberations was, that they left the whole matter in abeyance for the present, but they agreed to employ a solicitor to put into shape what they had agreed upon, so that their conclusions might be published.






THE RAILWAY REVIEW

18TH FEBRUARY 1881

LOOK ON THIS PICTURE, AND ON THAT.


Sir, -- I have read "A Sheffield Member's" letter on "Imperial Journalism," and note the charming morality of your contemporary. My object in writing is to call attention to its inconsistency, and to a which which members will regard as a betrayal of the past confidence respond in your contemporary by the society. I give two articles cut out from your contemporary 's issues of February 6th 1880 and December 17th 1880, both bearing on the same subject. One Article was written before Mr. Dixon bought the paper, and the other since it has been his journal.

(From the R.S.G. of February 6th 1880)

AN ENGINEMEN'S UNION

We have received a copy of the rules of a society, or proposed society, called the "Locomotive Enginemen and Firemen's National Union." This is probably the embodiment of the ideas of those gentlemen who have been lately trying to form an association for enginemen only, distinct from the Amalgamated ..... Union or disunion ----which do railway servants prefer -- which is it their interest to prefer? Even if their personal sympathies and wishes be enlisted by friends on the side of disunion under the belief that they are really achieving unity, it is well that they should see that so far as their interests go they are progressing in favour of disunion, and that, therefore, they do well to abjure separate associations and stick to the all embracing Amalgamated. Its arms are open to all railway servants from the enginemen to the platelayer, and the sooner our friends the enginemen in this term we include firemen -- give up any idea of forming a separate association the better, collateral effort, working entirely with the Amalgamated, the efforts of enginemen as represented in these rules were crowned with success, and the separate union of enginemen acquired considerable strength, what is the use of going to the expense of keeping up collateral agencies when the old one is sufficient? The past history of railwaymen's efforts shows a variety of failures to form and carry on permanently societies intended for their protection. The Amalgamated is the only one that succeeded well, and unquestionably this success is due no less to its broad basis than to its excellent leadership. It would, consequently, be a very regrettable circumstance if railway servants, who are already ably served and protected by their general society, were to set about the formation of minor associations, intended to embrace the members of this or that rank of the service. With all respect to the promoters of this attempt to form a "Locomotive Enginemen and Firemen's Union," whoever may be (and we know not), we cannot think that enginemen generally wish for any such efforts to be made. A few of them may second the attempt out of loyalty to any effort which seems at first sight to be intended to benefit them (ass indeed we cannot doubt the present effort is), but our readers will see on reflection that they cannot derive any benefit from their force being split up into fragments. Instead of being, as they now are, one united army, they would become a variety of divisions of any army, each division acting under separate commanders, independent of each other, and therefore (notwithstanding the excellence of their intentions) in constant risk of collision with each other, as well as with the enemy



(From the R.S.G. of December17th, when it had become Mr. Dixon's Journal)

THE PROPOSED NEW SOCIETY OF ENGINEMEN AND FIREMEN

We have just received a copy of a circular from the committee, who invite enginemen and firemen to join them in forming a new society. We print the circular in another column. It will be eagerly read by many, especially by this who belonged to the now defunct Enginemen' Society, sometime called the 1867 Society. That there is ample room for such an association is evident from the way in which the committee has been met by large numbers of enginemen and firemen. Large numbers who were members of the old society, but for some reasons or another would never join the A.S.R.S., have responded to this invitation, and are working with a will to establish on a sure footing a society after their own heart. Indeed, it is not only now, or for a few weeks, that the promoters and their friends have been quietly and steadily working; they have been many months feeling their way and sowing the seed which will, doubtless, soon bear fruit which will fully reward them.

If any other proof were requires to show that there is ample room for such society as this, it need only be remembered that comparatively small number -- we believe not one sixth -- of the railway servants of the United Kingdom will join the Amalgamated Society. We have often regretted this; we have frequently been somewhat at a loss to know why so many thousands of railwaymen would not join the society. It has done much for them, it has held its doors open to receive all who would come, it has sent travelling and other secretaries about the country to its various branches to hold public meetings and induce non members to join, but still a large majority, who all the time watched its proceedings, would not become "society men." However much this has been regretted, we all know that this is a land of liberty, and that every individual can do as he likes about any matter of this kind. It has been said that a travelling secretary of the Amalgamated Society wished to coerce non members and compel them to join his society. We find it hard to believe that any sane man would think of doing such a thing, and no one will for a moment believe that the society had any notion of that being done.

On the contrary, we think the Amalgamated Society will be glad to see those railwaymen, who could not come within its palling, unite and go to work for their common good. Knowing as we do that our readers, like other classes of men cannot all see things from the same point of view, we rejoice that those who have for so long kept apart from the society are now going to work on the same idea, viz: -- that in unity is strength. We wish the new Society of Enginemen and Firemen, god speed.
  
The second of these articles was written after a correspondence with Mr. Charles H. Perry, of Pontypool, in which the editor disclaimed for Mr. Dixon's journal any special attachments to the A.S.R.S., and offered to advocate Mr. Perry's society notwithstanding that it was avowedly established in enmity to the A.S.R.S. 

It would be impossible for one and the same journal to be the organ of several societies having conflicting interest. Mr. Dixon has chosen that his journal should be the organ of the avowed enemy of our society. Therefore it becomes our duty to support and trust the journal which we are now assured is our organ, i.e., The Railway Review.

  Yours obediently
Griffithstown 




THE RAILWAY REVIEW

18TH FEBRUARY 1881

MR. DIXON'S JOUNRAL.


Mr. Evans's letter, which appeared in The Railway Review of the 4th instant, was an effective exposure of the tactics adopted by Mr. Dixon and his journal towards the society and its chief office. In the sorry reply attempted in our contemporary last week the writer was careful to skip over the facts advanced by Mr. Evans and to ignore his pointed corrections of some of the baseless assertions that had appeared in Mr. Dixon's journal. A reiteration of disproved statements, assisted by fresh in accuracies, scantly clad in the guise of truth, served for the foundation of the lame rejoinder. We are innocently assured that "the prime movers of the Enginemen's Associated Society avow their friendship and goodwill to the A.S.R.S.!" Has the writer of this palpable misstatement pressed the circular by Mr. Chas. H. Perry, of Pontypool, signed "The Committee," and whose recent letter was too libellous even for the columns of our contemporary? Let him do so, and glean some knowledge of the subject he writes on for the instruction of others. "Dozens of correspondents" who were not present at the Cardiff meeting are relied on as authorities on the transpired there, against the evidence of those who were present. Any nail is good enough to hang up a dog. We have an advantage over Mr. Dixon's journal in this matter, inasmuch as The Railway Review was represented by a reporter at the Cardiff meeting. Our MS. report enables us to deny the assertion advanced by Mr. Dixon's journal on the authority of "dozens of correspondents" who were not present, and to say that Mr. Evans gave no such pledge as that attributed to him; and, further, that no delegate put a question to him on the subject, and therefore could not "extorted" an answer.

The newly installed editor of Mr. Dixon's journal is ingenious, and possibly is not a novice at general newspaper work. but he labours un the disadvantage of both ignorance of the society and a railway work, and of the past history of what henceforth we shall term Mr. Dixon's journal. What wonder that statement should be inaccurate, or misrepresent past events in the society! They, however help to fill up space, bring pence to Mr. Dixon's pocket, and puzzle the "constant reader." It is amusing to note the effrontery with which the editorial "we" is flourished before a supposed narration of the facts the writer knows nothing about. The gushing style adopted is however, a pleasing change from the heavy,  




A.S.L.E.&F.


Associated Society of Locomotive Engineers & Firemen, held their first Executive meeting was held on the 6th March 1881. Society registered 
under the Trade Union Acts with Head Office at the Commercial Inn Sweet Street, Holbeck, Leeds. First Rule Book issued, with provisions for the creation of strike and victimisation funds in addition to Friendly Benefits. 



Railway accidents on the 


L.B.S.C.R


Streatham Hill 11th April 1881






UCKFIELD TO TUNBRIDGE WELLS BRANCH

On the 18th May 1881 the Uckfield to Tunbridge Wells (West) line was opened.





THE RAILWAY REVIEW

27TH MAY 1881

BRIGHTON FIREMEN AT BATTERSEA


Sir, -- I beg a small space in your valuable paper to insert a few lines relative to the way in which some of the firemen of the L. B. and S. C. Railway at Battersea are paid. There are firemen at present time that have been firing for the period of four years and nine months without being able to attain the large sum of 4s. per day. Whether our worthy foreman considers that 4s. per day is too large a sum to work then hours a day on a locomotive or not, the I do not know; but I think that it is very near time that the some of the men were paid better for the work they do. 

Yours truly 
A. Fireman






Railway accidents on the 


L.B.S.C.R


Lower Worple Road Crossing 31st May 1881





THE RAILWAY REVIEW

1ST JULY 1881

NEW CROSS ENGINE DRIVER 

WILLIAM H. PLATT


We regret to have to record the death of member William Platt, who fell from his engine on June 23rd, when running between Epsom and London. Having occasion to go round his tank engine, he seems to have missed his hold, and thus to have fallen. It has been alleged that the had rails of these small tanks are inconvenient for men of small stature and the the running board is so narrow as three inches, giving men but a meagre foot hold. The risk attending a journal round one of these engines when in motion is therefore not inconsiderable, and we fear that poor Platt fell a victim to the combined dangers alluded to. He leaves a widow and six young children to lament his loss. Pecuniarily they are fairly provided for. Owing to the influence of the Employers' Liability Act, the widow will receive £200 instead of £100 from the Company's Accidental Insurance Society, and from the Amalgamated Society £10 in a lump sum, and 6s. 6d. per week from the Orphan Fund on behalf of the children under thirteen years old. Many members who know Brother Platt will learn of his untimely end with unfeigned sorrow. A kind mate and a loyal member of this union has been laid at rest -- a victim to the dangers of the rail.    





CHICHESTER TO MIDHURST 
11th JULY 1881


The Chichester to Midhurst Railway authorised and work started in 1865 (1865 funds were exhausted  and partly completed earthworks abandoned. In 1876 the scheme was revised and the L.B.S.C.R. would operate the . It opened on 11th July 1881 with a new brick built station at Midhurst about half-a mile further east (facing towards Petworth). The old station closed and became part of the goods yard.   




1904 Derailment of D1 Class No. 259 Pacham on Friday 9th September 1904. It was returning from a Midhurst to Singleton freight working when it left the rails between Cocking and Midhurst (Cocking Causeway - 1 mile north of cocking, having just passed over Park Lane Underbridge). On Sunday 11th October 1904 it was re-railed by steam cranes from New Cross (No.17) and Brighton (No. 16).  

1935 Passenger Service was withdrawn between Chichester to Midhurst on Friday 6 July 1935 (No passenger service on Saturday and Sundays).  You have recorded Selsey (typo)

World War ll   Just before D-Day (6th June 1944) freight services were disrupted somewhat as Drove (Singleton) and Cocking Tunnels were used for storing ammunition wagons for the royal Navy and double steel doors were build across either ends of each tunnel with a 24hour armed guards at each.

1951 Through freight on the Chichester to Midhurst Branch was abrupted halted on 19th November 1951 when the daily goods train from Chichester after C2x No. 32522 fell into a stream after a culvert had been washed away about a mile south of Midhurst. 

1953 The Freight Services to Cocking and Singleton ceased after the closure of both stations on 28 August 1953. Lavant remained open.

1955 The Withdrawal of Passenger Services between Midhurst to Pulborough and Passenger and Freight Services between Petersfield and Midhurst (although the former LSWR yard remained open for the Midhurst Whites Brickworks). Closed on 5th February 1955 (no services on Saturdays and Sundays). The Midhurst Loco shed closed but freight workings continued covering all statins between Pulborough and Midhurst. There was The Hampshireman Rail tour on 5th February 1955 with the bunker to bunker E5x Classes Nos. 32570 & 32576 returning the next day. There were other Rail tours visiting Midhurst after passenger closure.   

1963 Freight Services ceased at Selham and Fittleworth in May 1963.

1964 Freight Services ceased at Midhurst on Friday 12th October 1964. However, there was the Midhurst Bell Rail Tour on Sunday 18th October 1964.

1966 Freight Service ceased at Petworth on 28th May 1966

1971 Lavant Station Closed

1972 Gravel extraction started south of Lavant at Snakes Lane Bridge (now Hunters Race) 

1981 Gravel extraction closed in June 1981

1983 Gravel extraction was reopened in September 1983

1991  Gravel extraction ceased in March 1991





THE RAILWAY REVIEW

22ND JULY 1881

VOLUNTARY LONG HOURS ON THE L.B.&S.C. RAILWAY


Sir, -- allow me to make a few remarks, which ought to be known throughout the country, of some of the engine drivers at New Cross of the above line who volunteer to work 14 or 15, and even more hours per day. At this time of the year there are several excursions run to Epsom Downs, Ashstead, Leatherhead, Boxhill and Dorking. The driver that are booked to work these specials are informed by their superior that they can stop at the above mentioned places and work the train back, and receive one day's pay, or they can come back with their engines to New Cross and book off duty, and book on again in time to go and bring the specials back, running the engines a number of miles empty, which I have always understood is a dead loss to the company. For my way of thinking, if all these men were to come back with their engines this thing would soon be put a stop to. But when drivers go and tell the gaffer they will do it for a day and stop there, we are not surprised to see them booked several times a week to work these specials. I do not think our directors would be so mean as to wish the men to do this kind of thing.

A LOVER OF SHORT HOURS 





Railway accidents on the 


L.B.S.C.R



Lewes 23rd August 1881

In the case of a collision at Lewes (L., B., and S.C.R.),  between a passenger train and two trolleys laden with rails, Major Marindin says "that the result of this collision, which occurred on August 23rd, was not grave, but he thinks the company would do well to issue regulations regarding the use of trolleys, and limiting the loads which may be placed upon them. Trolleys cannot be dispensed with carrying on the ordinary repairs of a line, but it would be far better in such cases as this, where a few rails or some light loads have to be moved. It is also worth considering whether platelayers' trolleys should not be fitted with a proper brake, provided one could be designed strong enough to stand the rough usage of which trolleys are necessarily subjected."
Railway Review 18th November 1881  




THE RAILWAY REVIEW

16TH SEPTEMBER 1881

THE ASSOCIATED SOCIETY LOCOMOTIVE ENGINEERS and FIREMEN


In our issue of Dec. 24th, in an article headed "Proposed Enginemen's Societies," we drew attention to bogus character of the then so called " Associated Society of Locomotive Engineers and Firemen.' In that article we carefully analysed the cost of the benefits promised for a contribution of one shilling per week to men of any age. As there was no restriction on age we took forty years as a fair average, seeing that enormous superannuation was promised as the enticing benefit. Our exposure of the unsoundness of this Society's extravagant financial promises has had its effects and sobered the judgment of the novice society makers, who seemed to believe that to print big benefits on paper was sufficient to provide them. They have acted on our advice and revised the scale of the benefits. Small, indeed, they look to the former promises. The lowest contribution required to meet the claims under the first rules was an average of 3s. 8d. per week, or 2s. 8d. per week per member more than the contribution actually paid. to amend their error this society has now struck out altogether the promised lump sum of £60 to men incapacitated by mean of accident or old age, and withdrawn the superannuation allowance of 7s. 6d. per week for life to such members. It has further reduced the sick pay from 12s/ to 10s. per week, and excluded from sick and death benefits all and every enginemen of the forty and over who may hereafter wish to join. By this pruning process the benefits originally promised to members are reduced in value by an amount equal to 2s. 6d. per member per week contribution. This society, which began with so much bluster, is reduced to a mere copy of the Old Enginemen's Friendly Society, and of the Amalgamated Society, with its voluntary sick fund, without the immense organisation, activity, and influence the Amalgamated Society possess. A mountain has been in labour, and the outcome is a mouse. Some enginemen were lured by the exaggerated financial advantages held out to them by this society, and parted with their shillings. Now they bitterly complain of the deception practised on them, and wish to get back the money which they allege has been obtained from them on false pretences. There was no rational excuse for the misleading promises of the promoters of the scheme. They had had placed before them the knowledge of the actual value of superannuation, and in face of this knowledge issued a prospectus more grossly insolvent than any society in recent years has put forward. We cannot but sympathise with those enginemen who have been duped, and under the circumstances attending the starting of society we think the moneys of those who wish it should be returned, less a fair deduction for the expenses incurred.

Some of the men who started this unnecessary society were mainly actuated by hostility to the Amalgamated Society, and to the true spirit of trades unionism. They voluntarily did the meanest work of the enemies of unionism by loudly denouncing the Amalgamated Society as a swindle, its officers as rogues, and its members as fools. Indeed, we learn from Mexborough that two Sheffield drivers, Messrs. Mason and Ulyett, who visited a branch of the Amalgamated there to explain the objects of this new exclusive society, were more anxious to apply epithets such as we have recounted than to justify the existence of their pet scheme. What name will these men apply to a society such as their which held out delusive promises for fifteen months, and then abolish two thirds of the whole of the expected benefits, and shut the door in the face of the great body of enginemen who are over forty years old? The accusations and defamations against the old and tried Amalgamated Society put out by the promoters of the Enginemen's abortive union have, like chickens, come home to roast. In a year and nine months no single act, no expression or thought, no one influence has emanated from this society for the benefit of enginemen as a class, and see it provides no benefits which was not read and still is within reach of every enginemen and fireman, we fail to see any justification for its continued existence and the disunity it must perpetuate.   




 THE RAILWAY REVIEW

23RD SEPTEMBER 1881


The companies appearing in our correspondence columns on the excessive number of hours worked by midland enginemen on Sundays point to a defect existing between a company and their drivers. The probability is that the bulk of the men dislike Sunday work -- although in the case of the Midland enginemen it is well paid for -- and prefer that few men as possible do the Sunday work, each taking his turn of Sunday labour. If this is not so, it will be found very easy to come to an arrangement by which these long hours may be avoided. The system of the Brighton Company is, if it were fully worked up to, admirable in this respect. In working such a train as "Cheshire" mentions there would be two sets of men told off -- one to take the first half of the work, and the other the remainder, thus avoiding the excessive strain which sixteen or nineteen hours' duty means.



Railway accidents on the 


L.B.S.C.R




Battersea Park 24th December 1881


Involving Drivers William Day & Joseph Edward Moseley

Depot not known

SEE SUB PAGE






Railway accidents on the 


L.B.S.C.R



Merton Abbey 27th September 1881




THE RAILWAY REVIEW

2ND DECEMBER 1881

RAILWAY ACCIDENT AT PECKHAM

On Friday (25th November ) evening an occurred on the London, Brighton, and South Coast, close to Peckham Rye station. A train was entering the station when the engine broke down, and it was not until some considerable time had elapsed that the line was clear.  





PULLMAN CARS

AMERICAN CARRIAGES IN ENGLAND

RAILWAY REVIEW 15th JULY 1881

The Brighton Railway Company will shortly place on their line a train completely composed of Pullman cars. there will be a general saloon, a dining room, smoking saloon, ladies boudoir, and refreshment bar. The carriages will be handsomely appointed, and will, in fact introduce into England the comfort of American trains with the speed of the English. It should, perhaps, be added that the building of this train, which is so near completion, was commenced nearly a year ago.   

The first all-Pullman train on the L.B.S.C.R. was introduced on the 14th October 1881, and consisted of four Pullman cars. Although described as a new train, the vehicles do not appear to have been new, but were probably refurbished and partly rebuilt for the service. 

The Pullman car Beatrice was used as an experimentally between Victoria and Brighton in October of that year as the first railway carriage to be lighted by electricity. This was eleven months before a similar experiment in the U.S.A. As a result, the new train was electrically lighted.

At the invitation of the London, Brighton, and South Coast Railway Company a large party of gentlemen left Victoria for Brighton on the 1st December. The train is successfully lighted by Faure batteries and Addison lamps, and the cars and the light called forth universal approval. The train will leave Victoria daily at 11.30 and Brighton at 4.55.
(the Railway Review 02/12/1881)

On Thursday 1st December, 1881, a special inaugural trip was made to Brighton via Dorking, Horsham & Shoreham and back by the direct route. The was hauled by a Stroudley “G” class 2-2-2 No.329, ’Stephenson’. 

On Monday 5th December, 1881, the “Pullman Limited Express” was placed in regular 
service. On weekdays it left Victoria at 10 a.m. and 3.50 p.m., returning from Brighton at 1.20p.m. and 5.45 p.m. 

The first Sunday train ran on the 11th December. It left Victoria at 12.30 p.m. and returned from Brighton at 9.30 p.m. and consisted only of Pullman cars. 

The all-Pullman train was poorly patronised, and in less than two months the Sunday service was withdrawn. The weekly service was continued, but, from Friday 1st December, 1882, ordinary first class coaches were attached and the train ceased to be all-Pullman, The name “Pullman Limited Express” remained in the timetable until 1887, when the words “Fast train” were substituted for “Express”. In 1882 a British company called the Pullman Co. Ltd. was formed, but under American control.





Railway accidents on the 


L.B.S.C.R



Battersea Park 24th December 1881

RAILWAY NEWS REPORTS

Accident during the fog. -- At York Road, Battersea, on the L., B., and S. C. The last south London train (11.35 p.m. ex London Bridge) was allowed to come on, and came into collision with a train in front. No serious damage was done, the space between starting and stopping point not allowing of any great speed. A considerable delay occurred, and it was found that 14 minutes after the train which should have been stopped was allowed to pass, the signals were still off. Much blame cannot, therefore, be attributed to the fogmen, who was guided by the signals.


A collision occurred on the early morning of the 24th December, between a light engine and a passenger train at Battersea Park station of the London, Brighton, and South Coast Railway, during thick fog. "This collision," says Colonel Holland, "was the direct result of the fogmen, Anker, having gone out of sight of the stop signal, in order to put down fog signals when the last passenger train from London Bridge entered the Battersea Park station, and he was not aware that this stop signal had not been placed at 'danger' as soon as the passenger train passed into the station. It is quite impossible for the signalman in the Battersea Park Junction signal box to know what is taking place at the south end of the station, or at the down home signal outside of it, during a thick fog; and the company's regulations are, in my opinion, more in fault than their men as regards this collision. The Battersea Park station signal box should be kept open while any passenger traffic is going on, and not to be closed at 7.30 p.m. or at 11.30 p.m., as happened on this occasion. On the other hand, it appears to me that it is not safe during a thick fog to entrust the fog signalling at the distant signals to one man for the separate lines of the London, Brighton, and South Coast and the London, Chatham, and Dover Companies. In this case, although it had no effect in causing the collision, it appears that after the last passenger train from London Bridge (the 11.30 p.m.) had passed the Forman at the Wandsworth Road down distant signal was unable to put down fog signals at this sign, as he had to attend to an approaching train on the London, Chatham, and Dover line. It also seems important that fog signals should be put down during thick fogs at starting signals, to prevent train leaving a station when these signals are standing at danger, and when they cannot be seen on the account of the fog.   




THE RAILWAY REVIEW

14TH OCTOBER 1881

THE Associated Society of Locomotive Engineers and Firemen


Sir, In your issue of 16th ult. you gave a very good account of the above society. As I have had a little experience in the working of it. As I have a little experience in the working of it, and have been a member some little time, I can echo every sentiment of the report. A beautiful picture was shown in the shape of benefits to enginemen and firemen, more to the G.W.R., whom the promoter pronounced were lost for ever unless they joined the A.S.E.F. Will he come forces and inform the enginemen and firemen now that they could not do without such a society? If so, how? Why not come out and lend a helping hand in the none hours movement? They boast of capital and members, but I am afraid there is not much of either. I know it is not taking root on the G.W.R. unless among a few who never before had any thought of joining a society or assisting t get anything for their fellow men. They now join and turn on the old men, taking away from them the benefits which were held out. I should think this is a warning for all classes of railwaymen not to trust in any wild goose chase, but sink all little difference, work like men, and all join the A.S.R.S. 

Yours respectfully 
A. Victim 



Railway accidents on the 


L.B.S.C.R




Redhill 27th October 1881

In this case a South Eastern goods train came into collision with a Brighton passenger train on October 27th. The collision was the direct result of the south eastern goods train. A great deal of unnecessary risk is run, so Colonel Holland says, at this station, because the railway company has not thought proper to provide a sufficient amount of siding accommodation to admit of such a goods train as the one in question being shunted clear of the main line into a siding to allow an up passenger train leaving the station for London without risk to the passengers.  




THE RAILWAY REVIEW

4TH NOVEBER 1881


On Saturday last the engine drivers and firemen of the London, Brighton, and South Coast Railway, stationed at Portsmouth, presented their foreman, Mr. C.C. Hawkins, with a handsome gold ring set with a diamond. The ring was made to open, and bore the inscription :- "Presented to Mr. C.C. Hawkins, by the Enginemen and Firemen of the London, Brighton, and South coast Railway."   




THE RAILWAY REVIEW

11TH NOVEBER 1881

BRIGTON DRIVERS

Sir, I see in the report of the seventeenth annual dinner of the locomotive employees of the L., B., and S. C. R., that the chairman praised his staff of men up to the sky, as if they were all perfect, and could not make a mistake. During my thirty two years' connect with signals, I have seen several mistakes by drivers that had nothing to do with any other part of the staff. I do not know which of the superintendent was alluding to  --- the guards or us poor signalmen. I own that no man is perfect, but it appears to me, by what he said, that if any of his men make a mistake it must rest with some one else, not them. I think as a rule they are as good and steady a body of men as any running into and out of London; and as for the staff of signalmen, where can you find a better? The enormous amount of traffic run through Clapham Junction without one casualty speaks loudly for our part of staff. See what Mr. Wright's report is, "That 5,000,000 passengers were carried into Victoria without one single casualty during the last twelve months." I should like to see a dinner party got up by the signalmen, and our superintendent, Mr. W. or Mr. J. R., put into the chair. They could give as good an account of their staff as Mr. Stroudley did of his. I do not like to see one class passed over, and a slur cast on some other part of the staff.

Yours obediently
Poor Old Signalman  




THE RAILWAY REVIEW

11TH NOVEBER 1881


The black of the Brighton company for the month of September records nine cases of discharge, fifty four cases of fines and cautions, and one case of suspension. The signalmen appear to have behaved exceptionally well, but two of them figuring in the list -- one being caution for turning a brake off the road, and the other cautioned for falling asleep. Seven goods guards and two passengers guards are put in the pillory, but by far larger number of offenders are the locomotive men. There are thirty of them altogether-- twenty one drivers and nine firemen. Mismanagement of the steam brake occurs in four instances, so we may presume that either the brake was difficult to manage or proper instructions have not been given. The offences of the drivers and firemen are not, however, serious, because in fifteen cases a caution has been considered sufficient punishment.




THE RAILWAY REVIEW

18TH NOVEBER 1881

THE BRIGHTON BLACK LIST

Sir, How is it that there are no rewards when there are so many fines? I suppose the Brigton  company's officials think it their duty to fine the men, but not to reward them when they deserve it. I overheard some conversation, near York Road station, from which it appeared the a driver had fallen from his engine while shunting in Battersea Yard, his mate at the time being off. Another driver saw the occurrence and, rush to the engine, stopped it as it was going with the regulator open in the direction of Stewart's Lane Junction. The driver was never as much as thanked for this act; so there is no chance of being rewarded on the Brighton. This will take some of the "Black" off the Brighton company's enginemen.

Yours truly
Observer




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